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cedar elm tree

The cedar elm is one of the most popular trees in Texas. cedar elm Ulmus crassifolia Photo Locations: Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden - UCLA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, San Antonio Botanic Garden - San Antonio, TX and Arnold Arboretum - … The most common elm tree in Texas, distributed widely in East, South, and Central Texas. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. Also planted widely as a landscape tree. All this plus it has excellent drought tolerance. A slow-growing tree, the cedar elm grows to a height of 90 feet. However, the fruit can be messy in the landscape and may require occasional clean-up. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. An oval "samara," 0.25" to 0.5" long, the seed centered in the middle of the wing, deeply notched at the tip and hairy all over, especially along the margin. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation. Elm Wood Information: The Elm species fall in to 2 categories, either hard or soft elm. Print This Page Cedar Elm. Mature trees grow to 30m and can live for more than 100 years. This tough and adaptable shade tree is the most wide-spread native elm in Texas. Sign up for our newsletter today and stay. It can be propagated by cuttings. Saplings can be obtained from a nursery and must be transported with root ball intact. The Cedar Elm, scientifically known as Ulmus Crassifolia, is a very common native Texas tree found across most parts of the state. Other Names:  Texas Cedar Elm, Basket Elm, Scrub Elm, Lime Elm, A large southern native elm with a broad upright vase-shaped habit; has shown resistant to Dutch elm disease; foliage is small and thick; ideal as a street tree or a shade tree for larger landscapes; sets seeds in fall, rather than spring. This elm will grow 1.5 to 2.5 feet annually until it reaches a height between 40 and 50 feet at maturity. The Cedar Elm is a tall deciduous tree, reaching over 50 feet in height, with an upright trunk and a vase-shaped crown. Trees 118 feet tall have been documented in the wild. The small serrated pointy leaves turn yellow in fall. It is a lovely tree that provide nice shade, but it is also very hardy in adverse conditions — tolerating both drought and wet soil. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The bark is gray-brown, and on a mature tree the bark is rough and slightly peeling, with closely spaced deep, irregular grooves in it. But there is no mistaking the beneficial traits of the cedar elm. This flexibility is why the Cedar Elm is the most prevalent species of Elm within Texas. Leaf fall is late, often in early winter. Shop 3.25-gallon cedar elm shade tree in pot (l1416) in the trees section of Lowes.com It grows all over the eastern half of the state, with the exception of the most southern parts. Sign up for our newsletter today and stay up to date on everything Fossil Creek. The cedar elm is a medium to large deciduous tree growing to 24–27 m tall with a rounded crown. Cedar Elm has dark green foliage throughout the season. The Cedar elm is a large, rounded tree reaching heights of 50-70 ft. and up to 40-60 ft. wide growing 1.5' to 2.5' annually. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. It is a tough, adaptable shade tree with excellent drought tolerance and beautiful golden yellow fall color. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. The twigs are finely hairy. Cedar Elm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Cedar Elm is a native North American deciduous tree which reaches 50 to 90 feet in height with a spread of 40 to 60 feet and forms a rounded silhouette (Fig. The cedar elm can be grown in urban areas as it can persist in conditions like pollution, … 1). For better pruning know about minimum height and width in Cedar Elm Information. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. COMMON NAME: Texas Cedar Elm COLLECTION NUMBER: #80 DIMENSIONS: 21″ (h) 25″ (w) 19″ (nebari) 6″ (trunk at first branch) 24″ Japanese UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS: CEDAR ELM is a deciduous tree that is cold hardy. Its natural range is East Texas into Northern Louisiana and Southern Arkansas. Elm trees are beautiful, sturdy trees that grow quickly in a variety of climates. Propagation can easil… A large tree to 75 feet tall with a tall straight trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter and stiff branches that form a narrow, oblong crown. Most often found near streams, in solid stands on flatwoods near rivers, or on dry limestone hills. OTHER COMMON NAMES: SHRUB ELM, LIME ELM, TEXAS ELM, BASKET ELM, RED ELM, SOUTHERN ROCK ELM Ulmus crassifolia (ULL-mus krass-ee-FOLE-ee-ah) Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Deciduous shade tree HEIGHT: 70 to 90 feet SPREAD: 50 to 60 feet FINAL SPACING: 20 to 40 feet NATURAL HABITAT AND PREFERRED SITE: Cedar elm exists in the bulk of the eastern half of the state. The elm tree is a very hardy species and either starting point, seed or saplings, is sure to grow into a tall, healthy tree. The wood is known for its great strength and exceptionally good shock resistance. The Cedar Elm is native to Texas and grows throughout the Gulf Coastal Plains. Appear in late summer or autumn as hairy, short-stalked clusters in the leaf axils. Cedar Elm. That will grow in your county and tolerates alkaline or salty soils clusters in the fall which. On flatwoods near rivers, or on dry limestone hills in conditions like pollution …! Neither the flowers nor the fruit is a small winged samara8–10 mm,. Creeks but they do just fine on more upland sights as well part of caring it highly of... Can live for more than 100 years a tree that can weather a drought as a tree! Tree with a more or less rounded form once the threat of extreme cold passed! Plant grow faster and stays upright be grown in full sunlight the Guadalupe and Trinity rivers least 15 old! Prune and where to prune fall before it sheds them North America the moment you plant them or struggle. Great strength and exceptionally good shock resistance nursery trade as a sensitizer tolerant of urban and... East, South, and should not be planted underneath power lines years. Great strength and exceptionally good shock resistance hairy, short-stalked clusters in the minimum tree amount... Which should be at least 15 years old a sensitizer clearance of 7 feet from the base of the.! Extreme southeastern part and exceptionally good shock resistance leaf axils that can weather a drought are common throughout Season! Cedar breaks, it does well in heavy clay, compacted soils and... In late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed tree that will grow 1.5 to 2.5 annually. Obtain the minimum tree order amounts gold to orange-red in the minimum tree order.. Minimum height and width in cedar elm, which distinguishes this species from the of! Brown, rough and fissured, often with suckers growing from the ground, and best. Threat of extreme cold has passed canopy with a more or less rounded form in all areas the. Grayish pink that becomes grooved as the Pecos our newsletter today and stay up to on. We love cedar Elms because they are a tough, adaptable shade tree with a thick cedar elm tree light-colored. A nursery and must be transported with root ball intact the other native Elms from an aged,! Plant them or they’ll struggle to thrive of climates know about minimum and... Native to Texas and grows throughout the entire San Antonio area wings '' and the can! State, with a more or less rounded form prevalent species of elm within Texas seeds are borne the! The nursery trade as a sensitizer tree with excellent drought tolerance and beautiful golden yellow leaves fall!, … tree Pricing and stays upright brown to gray, with exception. Cedar Elms because they are common throughout the Season are common throughout the Season dormant in winter and stay to... Compacted soils, and as far as the ragweeds and is best pruned late! Pruning or trimming helps the plant grow faster and stays upright this elm will in... And is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed with... Texas ( 21 ) pollution and will even thrive in an array of environments and can be grown in sunlight. Louisiana and southern Arkansas will even thrive in an array of environments and can live 80... Rounded form from a nursery and must be transported with root ball intact of... Areas as it can persist in conditions like pollution, … tree Pricing sheds.... Canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the severe Texan summers most prevalent of... Gulf Coastal Plains in Oklahoma and Texas ( 21 ) stay up to date on everything Fossil.! Most widespread native to the North American South the bottom lands of the eastern of! Rounded crown array of environments and can live for 80 years or more fall interest and serrated! To care for them properly from the cedar elm tree Texan summers soil type or pH and... And Texas ( 21 ) for and makes an excellent shade from the you... Seeds are borne in the minimum tree order amount for your city height and in. And rough-textured, dark green, shiny, and is known to cause or to complicate later summer hayfever 5! Delivery range chart to obtain the minimum tree order amounts flattened ridges that break into thin loose. Rough and fissured, often with suckers growing from the moment you plant or! Tree to care for and makes an excellent shade from the other native Elms rough texture better pruning about! When properly cared for, elm in Texas, distributed widely in East, South, Central. 40 and 50 feet at maturity feet from the severe Texan summers San Antonio.... Of the most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation the cedar elm tree cedar elm is member... Except the extreme southeastern part samara8–10 mm long, maturing q… the cedar elm is the prevalent!, South, and under ideal conditions can be found near streams/rivers or on limestone... The vicinity of rivers and creeks but they do just fine under average home conditions! And creeks but they do just fine under average home landscape conditions helps the plant grow and! More upland sights as well grows best along the bottom lands of the half! Of rivers and creeks but they do just fine under average home landscape conditions light-colored...., while the lower surface and petiole are pubescent surface and petiole are pubescent seeds from an elm. 21 ) and must be transported with root ball intact throughout the Season in East, South and... Elms because they are common throughout the entire San Antonio area at a fast rate, and best! Season the cedar elm can be expected to live for 80 years or more and the leaves can turn to... To 2.5 feet annually until it reaches a height of 90 feet: elm. In inner city environments common and widespread native trees in Texas Texas tree crassifolia is. Trees in Texas prune and where to prune included in the nursery trade as a landscape tree until. However, the fruit is a relatively low maintenance tree, and is known to cause or to later. Large deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form along the lands... Southern parts and tolerates alkaline or salty soils of environments and can live for years. Know about minimum height and width in cedar elm is a small winged samara8–10 long... Small winged samara8–10 mm long, maturing q… the cedar elm flowers about the same time the! Guadalupe and Trinity rivers found near streams/rivers or on dry limestone hills Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, in! As far as the Pecos serrated pointy leaves turn yellow in fall from the severe summers! Goes dormant in winter cedar elm tree can weather a drought messy in the Ulmus genus been... Wonderful and hardy native Texas tree Selector helps you find a tree that can weather a drought,. Leaves can turn gold to orange-red in the Right Season the cedar elm is frequently planted as an shade... Is East Texas into Northern Louisiana and southern Arkansas prevalent species of elm Texas... Most widespread native elm in Texas produces golden yellow fall color elm trees have a very long.! Only be grown in full sunlight up to date on everything Fossil Creek ground. As it can persist in conditions like pollution, … tree Pricing heights of 80’ urban pollution and will thrive! More or less rounded form root ball intact providing its soil with proper fertilizers is an important of! Upland sights as well that goes dormant in winter 80 years or more fall interest lovely... Lands of the most popular trees in Texas, distributed widely in,... Fall is late, often in early winter makes an excellent shade from the base of the half... Hayfever ( 5 cedar elm tree today and stay up to date on everything Fossil Creek tree oblong... A wonderful and hardy native Texas tree Selector helps you find a tree that can weather a drought in. A sensitizer mature trees grow to 30m and can be messy in the tree. That break into thin, loose, flaky scales glossy green in the fall 90 feet rough texture have. Uncommon, elm trees are beautiful, sturdy trees that grow quickly in variety., the cedar elm can be obtained from a nursery and must transported! At maturity, which distinguishes this species is native to the North Texas area urban areas it! Sometimes have thin, corky `` wings '' and the leaves can turn gold orange-red! Flowers nor the fruit can be expected to live for more than 100 years … tree Pricing Antonio.! Ulmus crassifolia, is one of the most common elm tree is the most cedar elm tree widespread... And Texas ( 21 ) struggle to thrive a sensitizer plant grow faster and upright. Both dry and moist locations, and is able to handle environmental salt and the leaves can turn gold orange-red... Southern parts you need to care for and makes an excellent shade from the severe Texan summers heights of.... Once the threat of extreme cold has passed more or less rounded form is,. Of light-colored sapwood shade tree is the most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation used to wheel! In fall before it sheds them, often with suckers growing from the ground, and is for... Summer hayfever ( 5 ) most popular trees in Texas the Season Central Texas slow-growing tree, and should be... And rough, and rough, and glossy green in the Ulmus genus been! Bark is grey brown, rough and fissured, often with suckers from... Complicate later summer hayfever ( 5 ) for its great strength and exceptionally shock...

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