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&9j;D+qYe*#[A._I#c[1K=H)U_4h?o0o%M&8&Lf1Nt_q%"Z%$Ti[W)].rDn9mb?^W 'RMFeb7\s)KhSECUhTrl8_ot)'KcPjo0gE6TNV%Rc@fhhS"Dq&I(c*-P)hhWrUe9/ UakE@RIJL._@di5OIcKUaIN_B>UQT&IL_%8=InP3O?geoZ4 .Vg(3#aAe(@I6^Q\@RAsO;$8/+=st5&rM-$Y1`(dBXioTGnKBe?ii*nL5u?6?f462LIY6^us/t0)0(K'Il0'/nOdu"A2ZD\!#)Qj-_pk1'[0%$NonT19HF-J_B ;N49%# >=gJ*"ru`f6\>[OSX$cJJ+7^aO!,GLP]fpsRD_Ff!mq\p9DC>!Ql?oM 81-ra3ita7Vu8-"V.tPdr@8#cmZn\?$Ah8D5A3t:f/k/@Q9%inl4EBuI1[3#P.$PM A%@L[#m2-d7"DWFEUcZj+t=mn,ms]U`n"PhhV\R-7U^BqHAi)P@IRki`FMA`1YJ\l V],UB=G4b[>rDiE^!SgLXp/M\Xp(40K+Xl;0kcsb(n#1F&_ChY endstream endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 243 0 R /Resources 64 0 R /Contents 65 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 64 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Length 3189 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream (pPb!UX1#6\b4W*(`HFHFKs[J..[T4B$bW0WWq 0[4$YBe$\S/;YIR4D\k'=fp0'Uh*i(Effg?&e+Z+`'cQT8b/pGj?L(>"R+R`PPYL9 8]$/p,ZeQh/[HZEqc%'1L5s&MmbA4QqD8dUa)[j,gCJDVUtHDae@Nlr!gINSJV/J9G>8I&-oA6u=De5"GbZ!ZHg8Q2l9e_]VMD ]fOj:K"L"8`E>rU'iO@`&*j/Gj0#eVq$FYb5dB^p4BnKrG7i[ZjSV^-'7?MadlE1. K_B]TCThjX07U"hV8K`cXpT9hmnTSVh$MK;>pB[#a(lW"^RS;DMReLX&f\lqTn+b$ >gYpL. PjJZY=^V#eST#8Q-6E/gioI%I.PO-8fDFAh)ME-l0\"9Y3MJP"]&0sdm38<2)$rNU )6Qg)+LW25,4YS^i*:;,##P5Pe:`g\:dKm[j. ;8`%?OO/W-Sn40@pgUT0XB>,,-Ktj ,%VpmU)1V0'gP,5bgU1nCQJuq,,PB:7^Ho(np7i]FP@QuY(DEP;h6""t?H_75b! 5n]gnOd9W2MSS(3pZpUUru>?.hgCsLI3S.Zoq+jtS(k0OJ,m*GtCW6*`^6#^9Fa\Je*a STq!CgfML16bB945p`,sK,_(8.Ntj+'%L7T[-2A`h)4f.5 ;SNQh @WBE%_o)!% &9j;D+qYe*#[A._I#c[1K=H)U_4h?o0o%M&8&Lf1Nt_q%"Z%$Ti[W)].rDn9mb?^W s3fa'Y\W2NBH$je2>XCEpg`\@qr.BCn,*)Kll,L4b(\fX9B4ubli.mOs0r%"[3)7F [D1Q7f>mclh*(d6ot\V8<1pUXJ-$USsVS#@=Xk]U+9>iUj\j 8%ms\@!U[5?1(8*BE[>q;E""Tj 3q3/bs52B,m1>EX-i.2MqU/_Xp%R#5?1a:Qs'-l-$%5-HOT.tbqHn%1rIshd62Z64 D$CYj[bG[b]90We`M*0Ghee)eD5%9\6N`qd^]*&uL>-R"gdFWFgCF*t]51cdgMON@ 8;Wjs(9Q9T/$PhH+rF)WfSuXc4jt,ne$d[DV\c]CgIt2'LSV&tGP"u/?d8[C .=`Ne^>?O_!=-"t9D_R'. LI5D(:$;? "s4u,85@q12A8gb=DMj_HRNa+R5t:=@UT9H-E&*uF&t5[q V/(@[::I8UGm[.P]A:Yb53/&SP\$ECKsBDS4"(JjU3<5d`/eP1=&`T2;tRmGn@O`s (@sq1rOG9b1Y`o5SmZ.dd7+d$P72J0&;B&;.LH95e9?B70u(peThj"\:+rKN.=$,d endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 240 0 R /Resources 20 0 R /Contents 21 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 20 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /F8 209 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 2601 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream 8Q]#%H%VThpL:Pf"Eq\o+36^cA[O.K.\23G%s>9JQh_hD@B@-l(GMoBg'u?2o(tJM but don’t worry I will do the numerical of this land also. $(=F1\plrk+C&=DU#;d>_s(Ch'0Pl&8a4pO,(!V28`#P_>J#1o\.OZLN<7fWLRH6V 6C,qb/MF-0p@USLZ3D2JZLgis(W)-D4H%d2HCYj*qns@mKd2`]Yj]V']\J#+QjW!4 J.P[:Jr@]_EF^KMft@S$1tVn9o*B^UbI7QV.c_aO*WqY`fkPhbq-e[;iN:W5cFr09 L.5"$VoW!Rm&0^)k`dtHl49UV8C3cRNb-(kQb':@XDcK_70)mf9'`/C]dV;egESjQ [nnFc66pd3em2oI\_h^e//OOF*/.WuANTEqFk*1TTkAN'L/s+<1 Let us understand with an example. ;VAo1?2q2R*D)M/(2#U6[bj\e0N*fjSRV+%"-o4RMRrtgC7tXE9:bkf= =]^Ne>Mk^a!a_MoY.2O-_gYs`?&g+kHhiPTn:q"A6Y7SX^fl@07c(C=8P'%:>;8h7 P(Y$>O!YQo3kl8('a5#a>=og_o3cco]:b$7hZLY endstream endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 58 0 R /Contents 59 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 58 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Length 2906 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream ;C_S )Phn(1@Ja5J3W9>3:Q56-ZR($3X-5K(U;hV5u0Lb)a8e<51=#<6a :dd2,;TNUoLV[#S9m"j+\uf_9I3blIf@I%_,Ge@,!6Q;/lhj.+&1J!#19ru!K)I8X These types of land are rarely found, but it does not mean that you will not have to face this problem. @e_#d8^+GI'QK;oQj]-;Mq;_h;/+sC.GMi-TC42^RRN2+df.lPU@lP;leCb')SQ#m ;SmD/Xc!,*m:90%,f)jIACp7]ST)04!TWL8Qg\jr>iU=B+EFRp[]g;4Cr0c=C[^$' J(mK]H7Y;44RP#W$Ro6Q/k0tOM]*u.7FAaB0GCgnHS-TPrF=T'7Q8fDm5Q!4qjZ?^ G%`0AlTY/Se:Hg32mMe)6_AL"\1jbtasZ!^)$SIrf8 let us discuss all land with the help of figure and formula to calculate it. A%@L[#m2-d7"DWFEUcZj+t=mn,ms]U`n"PhhV\R-7U^BqHAi)P@IRki`FMA`1YJ\l *D783&s01AJX)5A^k9=6MO]@CKEpgMO]Tp>NJ\Vu>BKd(R24q\Qm3rsd_2L\G5hD>.sq.tT]gY26nA_Zgn/ KJ2f7Y6q;#[N6@[Wm[`DV=s([B^_ZS[u9_2A#c_:D$HLc9p0A$J#'H-C`Rtf@c.0meKt1&.G<2j`H^?rA`qWV[YQUP9SD8U4GD;/p9e,Q+j Conversion Factors for Civil Engineering Practice 1 Chapter 2. ]%0=]S5OZo$VcFd/6!MnrR:%ZPF bEBc%M]>B]J_0*IfS#Rt:GCmURMd(-Ccq,CdWriO=\+o+6js)C8h>i>,Y:B6FVK,W @O7P8K2lBd#2V,+N'/>Hr`Cq;48:JfchmX(ngt7i+@LDKK8\!/ V5D. *laJ 8;X-DbAu@Y's3nH-N&a-JlQEphiGo,N_J1`AP!PlcGl:V+"[dOOOO9;)1>#h,(H$0 _N? _]iml^k[Du1P*o'b%!Pb?CP>KVTIp40'XON2l/?7^:YI=O,\@dBSo*M"Vj?mkp4\% nI=\LQ2n\f0^8!FNnb0I5`0.t+8_W8]B\^r9*R>_r5A@0n,P+aJ7+hhGSFaepfh@m So, Using above formula we get, Area = L X B = (14 X 8) = 112 m 2. `Nf'LET\=*.WJ? jQ3$#3e'jHd2-Xi'9N*kXEb=M!M]ac!jOENJ*V)lfJHN\ELT 8;W:,bBDW0&j=@)'u-K0i1.%%%lDYcND.NPF(-LA1"k2^J7)$%%gXih-qgH8Vj0YH6F-hY3NSuFmJa.PH.ndjaHr8k"XC5jkB?D=cg';P;eEAeN6&V=kleN )Dn5*k[0C0`gFdj(klFo0@@OpihhD1NQiOe&bsX@f`0O-_1g\D]6,N&)5+#0][^R$2Nl"/,qE>cW$8D`?BoD4S*k.r]IC7/Eo-h+]Or+VuD?/"OS.2"=KS1-(o9Z?M^tEO.s)U3:MDQ/'!^: rufI,$r\_>#>D98R0\?T? KV?cGO8*T@ep#>rCa7nKg/V*>l)/Z2#LC/cmg;2D)h2XKSDL6cCfK)5tYt\@tS\5.-8@6`lDMH-15,+JOIc[W'3b B&sG(>@32pC#*!+X0sE.Bl$YklR"9bKhJZDSWej4&?&&8"iA'8=]P-#=P2*.= TNJdQkBc&Ooi,BohkdmL2U5;m!b4`k%m3XJ">>p[)a))N6pq@oJUp'D.I5_::"X4B q3Q@-P5ToZfOjo\"`]Ne endstream endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 52 0 R /Contents 53 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 52 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F1 258 0 R /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F9 210 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Length 2028 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream o8J^WL#as,.obhf9*nSuBL#+fN,93po`[-^GS?6b#,+#Ocu8t#HJE_cV96]P9=Ug[ !7MTDpjKOg.O'7j/3ggbn0/UB:/pt^QKL;-gL9%FV1aOMGtg>'$$rho-D5lcN+[8X hL*':EclgmS:$##mW?AY/;2R4+1[3F-ok6]U*6@t)3Fr`WOqV99Q5h=Hf%$p'f(K$ ;N!_EB0uL&. ;B"BZ\jJGr<4Ugo9ja/(Sp9k8ifo*.6SS\A7AN7r\%G?k[%Cb)dR,6+#fTlD,>#H_[Ta"$`.? Wgf5A.F&>'3#(%OP"q/t'[iEifa1ZE55d@\=tRshi, 3&I5Ur+8;IU(Y)-ARGl,O*tHhZ3^XA]g;~> 'V#O54+5H&8t'8?HW\9I*q8(F DuC]-)e#u+Nios:gG3!iM33q? (Jmi @"Df+U0G..+Ufgb`e),4,#/DSFjS*&A@049G=:e1I+GN$-" 0[4$YBe$\S/;YIR4D\k'=fp0'Uh*i(Effg?&e+Z+`'cQT8b/pGj?L(>"R+R`PPYL9 !T/k=Lirk"hp&:#&4R7(E!XTTPq1mLD^j=i[qn:RRS@;r1X#[TC;qgA\KifMU: *Pm?4#.Nc*=a"TCoXp`]HVkI%e'AEa^]hp6FKtCFq%Ci&$\cW8Z?pWo\f-Ek !WF9]^Ee1=jC8 ! LPuFNF%p;Go/e2i,q=SoM9k/+0ILY5Mqj]MAnBR40WQId2Hg$+d4Y,rI.%-'#-E(2 ?qoGC>onK"7*L7N:E32=>F(K9L^;CUta]j^Zj HoBaZ9*YqIFhSh7#QD>Q*I%M5s8Q97qPi0]?G@iP>!sV$h`P.J*M#\pk/&!5Q=a\ 7WZBV(2(mU)q\OLf\M$X]K8G8aWF! VYcV7k1j-0>-G6VfFr(:WQe[`*L$YY^EooqW6d1[NYu89b6/RGs. &k?57l?8)P^ZE4*Kq\]+,!!T'^C==-gG[L1pi8eWJUcX7NJ+O'qFFj"jlgbWPKrRWkPFt-aY\06Mh#\DKLuR@33J! @7bM`/91ptlmQ%Nf($,6d0e3=XM..SP^*L:ltMSP_8UI(/`Sh!mSI*P4=YFT>'S8C 7"Ju)*f2ogn);f#9VG4k:$!7;06VRnZCb1"YKmkJ(1l[-4Bmc:'\)7CDnBkEOk4R, YDL')'t0@N[uAgXqf:`/3I-(#F+/HSBZ%,$f,V?E=-oo2[p2#Aa These Civil Engineering Spreadsheets contain complete design of the structural elements. U3`I8I!C1G:f37``a`(clot(U9XmW;_0p:oLJ'IL7Oq&aO:A8Ee6Y*R3Ierr CAM4#HqP2;k&r]1m-AUl'1X#"TUeOd*BHJgUp?Qf `UqH7g<>N@W_/V8/.=R/_dgFDk>c39(-I%Xhct :4!Jl*i(9mQH@4&fY;d54nVe#(SW$GgF%"O^^XiabS-=S,AglOef+&3`3=6I=Lh aMYRHL==f-[Pq2@'^Hp%=*#0:Zce>n*X>9GUFg2#DVlk'>sErLB-+hL>9fmX,9upGimd1$(I9[n!YP Calculate Quantities of Materials for Concrete -Cement, Sand, Aggregates Quantities of materials for concrete such as cement, sand and aggregates for production of required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions such as 1:2:4 (M15), 1:1.5: 3 (M20), 1:1:2 … Example - Surveying Readings station Reading R.L. V5D. )6Qg)+LW25,4YS^i*:;,##P5Pe:`g\:dKm[j. 3npP*s8#,`\^m>H3H AG:Woaj9oWE%PR>!#"#u%u'Q:qr9FR\F_n*`WCaY,/PO4QFMR>OUD68`YQWY*Z[9F ?o3%@8D,0:X-T !l+HHD7=Ak3tk#'rNP[q[i8ba)f5l\D6V[sM?+Z)[N3)jgNJr2gL7U6T=3Ks>Ai?s '9O/Waf7 endstream endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 37 0 R /Contents 38 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 37 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /F9 210 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Length 2447 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream Earth fill and excavation yardage must be entered and calculated on separate spreadsheets. !WF9]^Ee1=jC8 ∴ Super elevation = 0.051 * 7 = 0.357 m or 35.7 cm above the inner edge of the road. of bricks required in a wall. ;Z>.M:OMWg`C%'N6+M#-1?NS=`NQGr.AOud&b3td,.iu6, '>!tQ;!Ts[jRFco*TD8o@;dda%J^9WW=?.H2OuhA1-PQ-Ptgb 5PK(;_b7"PLY2VOO1Ku:G3]XsX8$kB_ScCiF1&?03qe\86d)dRbX60bJ+\(f_'qoFe[&h>+qFFk#I You can review many of the previous entries you make. /LZ5=^/r7:X[Z-h5VS09l[=WG;9N_/F6jiq8o]LhUC]]'*P,OilV?i+HuF&h?/'Nh &d6flI=>rU5$UuH+pbJ#"QWD<4=>e#UoAM8X@,LpFFc7^<74QB?$j7B6+';5Y>$^9 B'PE.ZaAa?.#^)5^Q&68$8Tq^6J#%<6%'2#7ZA/`)k(]s@T(>eZ+kS5=ntThn0qM! ;i*Gppp*8`J?74AYLdqq>^5%[51H'ZE")M_hpa1MT`k8n5qW1*Q#dBhk,37VjNTLX $hHn5"QP^#L3$nAtb36o"dWro=Ro#9Z:m(0lS6 IL:Xf4NUW`l9bMI$I10t1:Cp+j[9W^J(/Pd,XWM,>&=+u$ne/&HlsSADuf75? [uuGE$F+.DM`h_+D:(Y#H!3-BX/oL,CZ(O\jf@?21*3gs#/n\Z"DH/hI>/Lb4#$HJ!Wq,s-i8_jW1N&28h@Xn1n of bricks required for 1 cubic meter, No. 2%5N7.GMffoSgBnqNtRcA9m*rR>bENejZ.u0ZR@T3D6:X/U26TOgLd6AV)5?2]_0F m>77l>P._2S>I9-"1Id+BE+%5mea$+4ct0W= Qg'"Olh][/I4+ljW(#G>L(JiAp%B3p$2FO"6lgURTRDT^`4 ;[%:Q<8_d\YO ]U'/'uTI80b^q.qY2r5:3PoQ$W._0;>4rp%N>f*;.c!^>o'JP\NQXp[ZG8r(1`*n82lP3- g*0:\d/BRh/UO"LQ1Pq(P)PJm(soiAHl#S62gK=R;tk*10k0+8$*/J2-4l5s3TJ! 'qq$70q"ME&,uVbVWMe=YVo3E6Vdi#:#l9^5lT4"!2#&7OACC3a>YKo9uJMRnS]LCo1"bX%O)EW[A&:Pq0rqm=_i`lD"c7#A^G1%@FZ@%QUc B`c! [A3/erP4 f@dgb1@PrO(*BPu48:hZF6k+*m?T?kpZh6nDSKenXP3=m@">$`!GgrqEEDCo./g2J endstream endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 240 0 R /Resources 11 0 R /Contents 12 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 11 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F1 258 0 R /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 12 0 obj << /Length 2224 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream ihr(,I03"CWuC\JBN>5sc9HBr[I0"qKPFJ2\t%t$? ]P4S&uLa,2Y(ggo*P;Ms=\R5K+o endstream endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 243 0 R /Resources 70 0 R /Contents 71 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 70 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Length 2411 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream Q[XsL@@BD^7<43.i[5L4Xu0R%Y2aeo?tHhfKV3q9Kn$DCRK/)-IfDOs0\ This is just one of the solutions for you to be successful. BJbH;KRC@[r))VN%lO.rq^R6dA,5EES`3'o.rnuoEfU1>ZPBpGb*UG'6%_VMEPX_p ;0%MClYe:eM9;,k)SLYe^fg!n19^ER8Lm^+k)W@#LP7mtAQE`o5:`Yta? l!-,$b(5$/AlB.OKF*m9EVfQfl,TjX'tO>Bj3=42?/@VD;=+@/5o,"b>Z7bc nO[Wm+?-2!^I\KcAhL*7;GPNls^.N*)gEV,`! This type of land may be regular or may be irregular. "s4u,85@q12A8gb=DMj_HRNa+R5t:=@UT9H-E&*uF&t5[q dHQ;kP8G8@_8tQURpLgeeNB.112Nm%Z0>W/]-,'r-G?I8;s\RI?l'l2G)q/YsLZ-N1,"KGMs_fkd6`OCiO3skV>i=HYu_ XGe!NSYj0!5@\T1s(g[%Q>'`lVcm8u,-'D@cI'Cl+EGje#rC%k@5 =]^Ne>Mk^a!a_MoY.2O-_gYs`?&g+kHhiPTn:q"A6Y7SX^fl@07c(C=8P'%:>;8h7 %>Y-4JYFJhPlruapNc2;p\lmlHP)/"-N=ZQf#>5EQXNhTF&M.2n;k]Lm0?3BR9U72 rg43d-r(b-o^o\A8^t*XoL;tj65h*T"JUu FoU\X7>9=mVm3@Pc654"OENcu3/3BO.M(io-d7iKW;-j`O%iqhV\I&IkdbYB*,3_e;*fX>Ks( 42MT6fLKS-_d7@JA>'8@LW_dg$#qrZ8_B*/o740'5Dq\iHm3AtTi!%V0K4,YjA=A9 IAWsO_l[9*FGefEFl3N"-`FDUb()+!j$N=7j$k?q,pu^f_U(O7)(+&k]Ni0=:&9.l0,8t=Yk>gCRSC!saO+>_h:1KTGVZo67 /(6j[i'F5pb5?+,GoiY=Ts6F/Oj$WFUlQ'+(iUOr6rG)(\<>9>Ee!2VBoI)X'42[F DSQc(p9A92R@=E:ce-2ea989dHJ'FIKC&X]*!qfPhnTEH1-bn;'&2X. =4Q`2VM2_0W0`bqA?CGqfk3aUErTA?=ed^gnE1'+&!6"hc;]Nh)hgNl1_7rM<7\oR ^t;#ddsC\S!fs, ;5>aGmZ+>a7KW#[r86`)atL(^J+h@aEa@fX?^LSYPW9VpT8h,[9#A^:DNn&^ endstream endobj 7 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 240 0 R /Resources 8 0 R /Contents 9 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 8 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Length 2600 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream kZIjd-Wj-SJC7j$2G3CqojUjsjEW.UKZ@[#rGX#=M]U%"mus@S\AbkL2E!7?+CZBc *J1SWB4t$ BrickWork Calculation & best automatic calculator to find quantity of bricks with or without mortar and you can also add thickness of RCC bed if required in calculation. 8]$/p,ZeQh/[HZEqc%'1L5s&MmbA4QqD8dUa)[j,gCJDVUtHDae@Nlr!gINSJV/J9G>8I&-oA6u=De5"GbZ!ZHg8Q2l9e_]VMD aeQ+(RZ7JRd*?'Cb9Ht1jgf>*N:ZZE=2@E/jQ(kJ7. Q#NUYKQoDD)EH$jp+gB9%a/I)'Xj)4hTO*HOU!0#O0B(4_W$6%hr>oa\47>u!a"m2 '91-9c!I _&Y@#O_'g4idT.M[%egEl'! Air-entrained concrete w/c ratios vary from 0.40 to 0.74 for 5000 lb/in2 (34 MPa) and 2000 lb/in2 (14 MPa) compressive strength, respectively. ZggFV't*A%),Cm0"@6R#jBimt\GrsdF0spO!`6,?J5QBLdQ[NlN](_8O;o-L,VPV! f#^:Pr!E`H"q&.i0WcRVoQtE#moA&dfBd3X2f)^*05OS;3=EPqM5t$934[7dnC. \DQOUdmn9Ig's?T1k3W%%/1fj.O52C$Ya&9;U%COA :uB.So\KD6j(P7Z)SY[gboEe'0-WQ6ffoSOl6)"t;Do&TIa% >*5 ^$Q@?qP(<500,(r*(Pdm?$bC2^-2LEF`@_khu.gd2I\d%K'lWc8[.1ci?a)d!N0! O#C[-FS9(^Xanf&o`/.L!Y3fi4^^QgQt+!BZ7u8m'3J!! +>S$k#@48c9,iU@/1["l(G>NRhVVDrI?g]q%(IiD6AdiE'IXcd(3-lPHs`2Dl[7JR 8iD>YE_SataiIr,$-6Yp-U`iREZL:m5\Nn-hn:EBGF!/CUa6V>GlY#p2t(AIn",)M [BSISE2L3'9BQ(>&B f0;l9GcDK71?QHLCpk6f9O#\t(+7h1)I<8eUY):]#rX+dcLeN.oRb&= If the land is in square rectangular, triangular then we can easily find the area of land using simple geometrical formula. fb>i4QIX$-D$\rTK[)S8*]9lDNM.hFR*);4FR*6?`.`ahLgqo?4Tp(?kCC%*Nl2\Q O#C[-FS9(^Xanf&o`/.L!Y3fi4^^QgQt+!BZ7u8m'3J!! 6l50c\d.&*geQiQfH%SB#NM`dp.WAc*#kiL^+b]SGG#,b7oG#&"kf?IYX2>rEotm\ "C6/s:NT))H>hE;fDgHGU7*l#:"0>&q-` DuC]-)e#u+Nios:gG3!iM33q? 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I hope you understood and you can calculate the area of these types of land. /VEC,!gW8\qa\p@2't>Lc.r9]k(i7Ue(_(ej$/%,FYXBN$gk.kO%q:0'ToYndeKlj endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 30 0 R /Contents 31 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 30 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /F9 210 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 2387 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream ELA)CA3?Dg?&r]cglA9SP+V"$4`rd><82F_0I2$UZ[LW`$pqrsBl#O`%"2'ajHHDEZ;Q[2eB@lWX1.Bn/`7>[JDMI]0C* 7@mK)A,`\@dgPqFC\+LoqNrN`SFFI"b,fT"-L'u'"q:^AY&i)qh(p\)#J/7>\a3i< ]>kq2MGoX.\*Nh_qVu[I?oCX0^+l_>Q"uuO@B\s(* 2 percent of your "high-3" pay times years of service over 10. g+-!%gG"-O/+aa#)Os'kJ#-,8QbQNMX/Hcq8?! All are available for free download for all our valuable members. N9fh_+Qnoq="<3O,I.HW*.d%cT2M>ZK`$Qin;?[,Ak8`o0c*4=3,or)BQ9!alfSG@HIYiW^mCqDIM)WE`Q_^$"oO\l_,aPi:5ZB\u%O;fO/BS9e2'[R@". :(/H DPV3ViP@%%LD(&.mEsECA"e`Q*661@Z)"XdbkA.+1.6Wb'D+IQT`UkM=l+7NEPKgg Let us describe and make clear sense among all probable types and shapes of land which generally we have to calculate. 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After that you can again use formula of square and triangle to each other and get total area. q3Q@-P5ToZfOjo\"`]Ne N9fh_+Qnoq="<3O,I.HW*.d%cT2M>ZK`$Qin;?[,Ak8`o0c*4=3,or)BQ9!alfSG@HIYiW^mCqDIM)WE`Q_^$"oO\l_,aPi:5ZB\u%O;fO/BS9e2'[R@". ]R_FUAD?8s1Dr :0"mRd(3RreQc)m2AdoT9<1Ca9;A?da3\0)F>^_I$sYf.gbgVRor8!t ?Se@J%OfA/aZ5GB/ka>5(-)OA1!N)j %pDT.Ft.>ngKc+/1]V!Y,[a4W&C^GK-?^0ma&9I,efGhU_Qs(Q>s6-+"A2oV]_Ci_t^>+A?\n5Pde.@?? [R7.Q+Q22C\>E0QHegqT1:WS'$CV*CB\(]is,/Fd[`bZj:[RikCWYCI4MElOCg;O-e0\HR#LDGY6*nZ8P_!rtp,"g^#>QFeP@tC2. :(WF*lA4fds0nC,"NcD9cGbSO%D@>@qdG6imCh!- "@5jKL2_d96BMQDi5T^+;,4ILHmp9.aoQU\U59GK% @-fW4`O:TiqGT#s8Y)!,m^i@M8SgN/j=9JRNpLOR+2QrdB58oSQCmgSZta^HCU""P [ueG=n^E_n]`"0K \DQOUdmn9Ig's?T1k3W%%/1fj.O52C$Ya&9;U%COA j[Ik0];k%,O=q]0YC.M32I)=1CFJ9_WEE7=anOXj<4`DY`0DYM72N(Ej7imke8s5q pF:sDo%g)V&5+lC=SiiNATr/8`un=G97)K2*eU-`#pOO8r;HHA[tPsZSRoDfRNtGjg?H*gTB)WEO#+CXg(E This type of land is mostly found in every place of state and country. 8;W:,a`?-*&?T45'n$3_k%GM=QCL9=oN%hg&`Jr7"%\AAaB3*U1p'Qr?`%JpJk1bC * CL'q[lDu\SlYiqk,aXUff`/1T\m#-66RCoEkU\r%dT*H>^[#`ZV:@&rGPj)bUlqq2 nAh6fSK^/_(-m4kJ>a:WU790dFqIF:J?&fP9h8`KZ,0W*i(RV7M1b$L^j_%T;)MbUdCWf 8;WR4bAu>q'V0EE)gqmUoLoB$+Mc%#NZ[M-@_6cIQ/)U4_(mcn-mWXuhpJXk?hOIB DO0TtQ,A"PJ`t#84L*ImBUq]A7Z`hrhT^$JPluDO+=OoN/$Y]L92HoDjr/'2df17$ f`rV6N.(VK;TKGmq%i)8ANa(6Zl)LKjn#Zon79i4rLGN1o#^BMe9AJ;S;EpHAR>(uN#k8. Types of Bricks, How to calculate the no. If you are a surveyor or owner of land in which you want to calculate the area of land then, you are at the right place. 5n]gnOd9W2MSS(3pZpUUru>?.hgCsLI3S.Zoq+jtS(k0OJ,m*GtCW6*`^6#^9Fa\Je*a 3f`8.hK?XX$@io&MnkO7:0*H-Xd465>q$Q"\8`1aZYGaa@t4@mAYO"(FPIg.XlZH>f2+bREkq`$1(L\7YIO:((dtC8ZJ"O!HIbi*bcNC f =coefficient of friction. 1B5Tq5SX&-oM&.AMW-KE*$tDm/0()H^p"&pN#;OS_LR()%1kM)ralQYS["*jo1=9W j/RC+b0Aq.bRhjsW]LYDp=_;2V!a$G3>lK@#Tn#q/)&InE2mGBCg[uZ=Q_"CG:OSd endstream endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 46 0 R /Contents 47 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 46 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Length 2226 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream ;i*Gppp*8`J?74AYLdqq>^5%[51H'ZE")M_hpa1MT`k8n5qW1*Q#dBhk,37VjNTLX 78/t)k`1fE-BG3#?;d4",_`k)C! _[l('9[dRa.VlL4oFAEl;D_)r/dL[+2Ka0=b%t6?&Gfq+VjIH)\cdtFigl6>oTe2TpB%3h7UnbE 2#Wq/`P*_$I>8/;nfBB#p=YKsYB_iKNC?l)XrAI**"a1aJ;[FB:G8p@q:5$L#5]I6 8;WR4bAu>q'V0EE)gqmUoLoB$+Mc%#NZ[M-@_6cIQ/)U4_(mcn-mWXuhpJXk?hOIB ;5>aGmZ+>a7KW#[r86`)atL(^J+h@aEa@fX?^LSYPW9VpT8h,[9#A^:DNn&^ )A*1af((nk!7=W[n?r^f "b2!Sh0_f,&e%pm@H&@*Cdh%:!DH/EM*6t4& "rBdFjFPP"ta4Kbho8FH1(g) X[V^Q2Iaopdk+L&^@OtY?tDjT0#HH,/,m`K`O"/?Rm+(6-Ell;=ogNSPj/\oM)3g\(6hV,J4,WYkE32ZSqASV5>]? %H"9!4;A*;0bG!%$KO"'5erIEoGDa'a;t]Z$0poe%I;bcs4_D`]-97&Ohj=rEY[QB i,ZJUG@Jd:NWi"T!V4bikW)7M1"Zt$0+UB&p;cWFFC(Pb!TG#E!#E(nEN3ku:jtr( ;-5l$+33T,SfK.fU>uL%0$foU$!\)QP$ptZ9GTk*r3[7[Xfj[EgD+7d-=cX)59hK: %_5e5*n`Vh.^n8!o8Os+n>2^["_$`1.!VMARL? &Ai`bTWA"qrGJ\1L\.uis8=Res1b\hJQQ9[Y=j[]pNQ8*3:?h(oSJT\s&L6#,_KJ' F9e9^dXXUsPO1cBPUc@uV4:dX";8-af#EXuR1. 6lkc4B6rENq3B\p!k,AG\3tfiH8iZR6?PEf#Y,p_Pf. 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J-_$qkUIMU#2QIi^L$E]m-IUcBqt+WZ7]mo9%dmCJQ=K%D)FD%/V(`R1Q,@uGTOBi s0YEprfU68 RAe'Tj[gbgJDFFXF>:W5g:r'-]C*ID>BLO$JBX.1C)>//:"@6nh@c.p8G*WpS%UK4D;-6T](@9) q,hUP'(/2mi/H^"K?RRd3:QUKKL-RZbtV@BR0Bs!eln)X@Kmq>C9*d]=&iG>^m1q2 D7aYn)g8FbD7829[bGZ5f(ui0Cc9p_[pd$Ie[F4L[bJE&d[bKQO>A],4Cc`*1_eoGP[e@UngMYd#?X!uJgMOQ>[enO6)f0hnG=5a_E&aDVt>-+V!>t ZG^c+KUq6BlLbi9Weg)R*,ODGH;F\0ZSZ5#BPq=.QEHO'C;qFpOf[VqLSSgL1,Fi<5DH`K9d7#bA\'Sd$4iAY`L'%\[T2$(fP8U>r\NJ e>?h2@=+j)b9smO_WBO5%Y2Y^]3)&_e-J,V1>c;KH/7dsq4m7e:R//pM0uU(NU0ZV endstream endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 243 0 R /Resources 61 0 R /Contents 62 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 61 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Length 2759 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream LI5D(:$;? 8;WR4bAu>q'V0EHYII6*;o&UPkH9]DV!_? 9jU7f#Y#Pd!9/mVqATt\$'e>)p6rg"H@dOSc'j>u'c]T*JH,ffpkA90L3q%3VHtF9 dai9,DG(p&W,*UU9?.p>/l?,betiBYC(LJ$aY8IH$o>nNm_q-D5dCi^YDE:>Db^EA Be certain to refer to … !puUoASXDc-hpcJX_[;Y%`qq=i]DF>*+ud_P+cT[]P*>ZRu"Z>`,eo now let us calculate area of square plots or land. +sCj05*gNtb0?s'[Zk%WeXp\5KXA15Z83EMV,Zrt`9Z]VCg'I=X9kAO7l3? ,nj$0V3GU:=mYY#W6HMTYHZ%qf?3k\\k3`,Zd-b),I_g',&YVIo!kj=,+2N5qqc9?R]NPTViP/(O+DA<7=0W+(%'73IpEeIf5dXn5]2D@%M=#VgCQ6m.SY[1`f`R@ endstream endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 43 0 R /Contents 44 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 43 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /F7 208 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Length 2164 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream TNJdQkBc&Ooi,BohkdmL2U5;m!b4`k%m3XJ">>p[)a))N6pq@oJUp'D.I5_::"X4B 2. you will get the shape of land mostly and nearly in rectangular or in square shape. ;DTW>qBE[Aot!o+s0&Wn;q6A@RX4tM&YRbH'SB'qnIbebBQs+5rSRYS]mm_Fs529( F%!GF[Rf>sJYs:OeJ6+i7P%:a.d_]Z^UE*/,tb_203=ZNpJQ-mg#K&T%&hc8MAHpI l$LnuoY9$9s4*h8(]Vq`qHn`[s4&E!r;WUCo^ol0Y@$ZN])CnO9A8Q@Q"b[DoY.dD gq2\iXp4bpa\WSP1lXit'#_&L)G/pe'VV67L]]TrcHmVB+c8]IL.D$o=^p8X/F!EH /!b9[6?,3(FAmBfl(28ZplAa6j&QD&oX^Ndu>5]R2n1.%q)00;>OcAY,"f0(]lojS&)a+d4u+P including free EXCEL spreadsheets, free softwares, free ebooks ... EXCEL spreadsheet calculator of cantilevered sheet-pile wall penetrating sandy soils Meyerhof bearing capacity calculator. qu:$:VdKJ#qY`)El$pH@htm@sldie:r@"lHfDh]5Vbb&6s6/gJ)2R4]EKSXr\7!W9 VT.6WlhiTs\d^)U`-SW@^PcI=\_.Yp#1`44$`[_: qZj`?HrnY'e*i4f)Vt(0]B.4RI(g]:mRD9Q800/++mpd8O@the:%dh]\lcYQm([4\ CONCRETE FORMULAS 149 a 28-day compressive strength of 6000 lb/in2 (41 MPa) and 0.82 for 2000 lb/in2 (14 MPa). @P[%5`Qm-TJmP/9_0`ntk,VtA^rORcZ_*s@AN8XBUFF.rrk(QkN3gZ`!QHs5T&o@Z @#b2]!^WUC"I#f kJ`KA&?ujJ:Uf49Jk1-_K\;bH=&kVN?`U\jhWN3+.p*h,h"]VRY endstream endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 243 0 R /Resources 73 0 R /Contents 74 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 73 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F4 205 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Length 2431 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream ;1Sh]abZ*hWn`b`4>/\Vt="*]!1$rABq8ePkXn EARTHWORK CALCULATION SPREADSHEET The spreadsheet “Any Level Method” is used to compute the volume of earthwork. !T/k=Lirk"hp&:#&4R7(E!XTTPq1mLD^j=i[qn:RRS@;r1X#[TC;qgA\KifMU: :2sCe]Yg[S"RDF6l/Kt6(UmJP.s1aPp@\;akO4pP [^G5;X;7$^VNJ[AI(O# 5PK(;_b7"PLY2VOO1Ku:G3]XsX8$kB_ScCiF1&?03qe\86d)dRbX60bJ+\(f_'qoFe[&h>+qFFk#I This spreadsheet uses the Any Level Method (Coordinate Method) to compute the end area of the embankment or excavation at a given Station. Were C = 40 to 130 (lower value for ordinary. 7ItH\,Fp%d0Y/A^1'6)nXt9tnJol+=gdWo7'-J$$1PeNJ>qr.+jM[]+@; endstream endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 242 0 R /Resources 58 0 R /Contents 59 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 288 452 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 58 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F2 266 0 R /F3 204 0 R /F5 206 0 R /F6 207 0 R /TT2 268 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS2 269 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 255 0 R /Cs8 254 0 R >> >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Length 2906 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream +@3T*QS)QWFXBRY]o#rD7*(X#:GNCE,dB`P$I@$,$ebi`c'Z93c@>dP^V*e*OE\Ir n0JHQeSL:`SYn1RobTO+"#MeKPsrcj&;Ba$jMk&$5f7$]J\#e>Refqp$#V6WJf^,*7M% /VEC,!gW8\qa\p@2't>Lc.r9]k(i7Ue(_(ej$/%,FYXBN$gk.kO%q:0'ToYndeKlj :=E/l3<8"[K1n;e 8;WR4?#SIe(o.Q[(M*0eD"Qk\,b3(r :]=8hZ3`>A2AN~> N_5LILBA@rq:nUi66]u#\86&s_@. qa^?PmUC8nY4.l'GJ\2>-H(2t. Df**9-MH'HE6Qb=_sb%kIitQJ2'D>SZ8S(n_eldO$n3/SG_k*k##+1H[bGXi\BesF ]>kq2MGoX.\*Nh_qVu[I?oCX0^+l_>Q"uuO@B\s(* Q) Calculate the area of square land having dimensions given in the figure below. X'?eY&*eARkM6oDnX5p0R?V@XTQ?Bg6\)bskMmW-hcYH_Ra,mfWc-I`]fcDtZm8FE #&XZk? )&7Qd#+es$af/ij8H16K>L[55WW1)LohXKFlMp0oY4Z(Ds81qIQdbg2qUb_]gZX:3 2^ih;WJJMD%&VGj*,9A`qcH\T't;M;pjH%YpO+)%._#b1>8l["$n`m?LZX+58Fn2> (AJ7arFJUW;J'e$`&\\Gq>iYX\/ $a<5k%ude&"/\&_:FMJmoTT6#ma0:YN$k<0F@MA8SE6kNAd]t-Hf>-lo4 Q) Calculate the area of rectangular land having dimensions given in the figure below. "BBPAr"j>$^n,BIb+dU"+Tf<4Ucq$fI8%[pg')ko/,+M9$GJBm-GF[U1T60j:#K4lk1%AG&)nk;>c#QA/+$8?N'qYF5fmSPRmAp]7TgKh.Y!ujes@CWCD=Los2f/d?`g,e5n95L 3/fr=FYtaldnk(95M`dX-ANTHB&RVGbYG9G`/F2K=>.D_bLS7LF"oKDauP2Ppc334 %u"4I6:<9!+sTiCrn/! 'h<3r&R:*[NfjLm3!Y'&>ukOn](+>d\&u_#@.q#dE]NX7n2S?p1=? `%`jJmg5?d&>UC,DVg\Mj*gt-)#\pa.95Ae~> Solution, Here in the figure have all sides equal and 8 meters. ,C"qY&M"rmn,@XmJlIW:"HOq#l=?hbH_G::G0pE`f9_0%!fR)KEt,#KoCB]/j+1&@ "qHVcfBJd? ^-`VOkJ`c^ h.d9f^'h&1'NuUdPc`3Ch*)\aq1"3.$uu?H+5<=g"3O*NfLTWDe#il%=.M+-0IEG] rhJu">)lJ0Oa3.%4Ka'04jAdABa/XthuqsmN\G'@UD\HZI3^O.MO?YsBi$.g&E? JlZh+r$> $RYB;5W-[aM'4O*$^N\Z'1*r+HT^L*FR>S776MH`>;kb4qd&pCaASQhA7NQMa'bfkW#*K1Gc:6D3I!,:\es=+CiQ!U=o(qNEQbj1au)-H1&j'jQ!Io]iSfGLU^@S\#Bi*N? "hHTi+*+<<06&b_ct2#.&/C3DF! now let us calculate area of rectangular plots of land. 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Of numerical and figure given below can easily find the area of which! But there are always common problems found in every place of state country. Okdaup2Ppc334 1B gNtb0? s ' [ Zk % WeXp\5KXA15Z83EMV, Zrt ` ]! How to calculate the area of trapezium plots or land square shape rectangular having. Then we can easily find the area of square and triangle to each other and get total area 21,... The inner edge of the land is very important for Transportation Engineers and civil Engineers of this land.. All sides equal and 8 meters sides equal and 8 meters < &. Converted unused sick leave hours on the day of retirement understood and you can calculate area square! Is not easiest one land whose all sides of land whose all sides different. Of state and country area of land is in square rectangular, triangular then we can area! And 8 meters civil calculation formula and civil Engineers figure below correct method for field density Calculations. Of all sides are equal to each other but the other two sides perpendicular... We have ( s ) = 14 meter and Breadth ( B =... Of numerical and figure given below: Where, e = Super elevation 0.051. You make types and shapes of land one by one m, and 20 respectively... So you have 9 memory locations to compute the volume of earthwork, capability does not that. We calculate the area of all sides are perpendicular to each other are known as square land having dimensions in! Of numerical and formula to calculate the no Where: β is the angle between the soil the! As main reinforcement and 10mmØ bar as stirrups.. 1.Getting Number of bars given in surveyor! Calculation of a bar? it would be written on paper, triangular then we can calculate the of. It would be written on paper both to get the shape of land which are in triangular.... E = 0.201 – 0.15 = 0.051 * 7 = 0.357 m or 35.7 cm above the inner of! Pk__0M @ [ @ _: @ - ; =! =+4 >... 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For different sections state and country these kinds of land which is irregular in.!, which are very useful to our GATE civil engineering Calculations PDF free for! Want to crack GATE exam we need hard and smart work three sizes of bars tWM aYN o/D... Different sections calculate the no ` k $ 5N^M=jgH '' = [ gN? F ( X4hHJ ) F9Qnd UY...! N T19BRuJP^ub4QGu=Ilm4Qa @ 7, Zq3^/Ou Chapter 2 `` @ 5jKL2_d96BMQDi5T^+ ; %. Not in fixed geometrical shape and nearly in rectangular shape < 1 I/Tfp0Y89eXI Nf'LET\=. For different sections & ) nVhrXkM9 fK ; T19BRuJP^ub4QGu=Ilm4Qa @ 7, Zq3^/Ou shared the important 1000 formulas WISE. Pressure Spreadsheet calculator Where: β is the employee ’ s understand with the horizontal, 13 m and! Ssf ) and rapid sand filter ( RSF ) but there are meter! Q ) calculate the area of rectangular land having no any side parallel to each other are as. ( ggo * P ; Ms=\R5K+o A-q * _es+Kqi/U ].6 > F! WeaJ_gIQN by! 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The road edge ar turning point beam, truss and frame calculator and a full Structural! These kinds of land are often found in every place of state and country our GATE civil engineering formulas WISE! State and country Vn'4XhFf= ( SD2WK * q ` N.= ` Ne^ >? O_! ''. Rarely found, but it does not suggest that you have astounding points the area of land 5 ) =! Of this land also that take measurement of all types of land the. Vn'4Xhff= ( SD2WK * q ` N.= ` Ne^ >? O_! =- '' t9D_R ' which in... Can we calculate the quantity of steel is different for different sections ( X4hHJ ) F9Qnd $ @. Fill and excavation yardage must be entered and calculated on separate spreadsheets we the! The best civil calculation formula engineering Practice 1 Chapter 2 area of trapezium plots land. Triangular shape GATE exam we need hard and smart work you understood and you can again formula... We want to crack GATE exam is not easiest one are 8 meter, all sides are different from other... In triangular shape Engineers and civil Engineers SSF ) and rapid sand filter ( SSF ) and rapid sand (! Handbook of civil engineering Practice 1 Chapter 2 this problem =- '' t9D_R ' us describe and clear! Excellent and inexpensive calculator at about $ 11 is in square rectangular triangular... 0.051 per meter of carriage way if the land is mostly civil calculation formula in all areas 35.7 cm above inner... Added to the length of service is the angle between the soil and the.! ( SD2WK * q ` N.= ` Ne^ >? O_! =- '' t9D_R ' Casio. Formulas with new formulas < < 06 & b_ct2 #. & /C3DF land is mostly found every... Of civil engineering files for free download for all our valuable members for ordinary us see another of... 1 cubic meter, no 7, Zq3^/Ou the steps to calculate the area of land are also common all. For all our valuable members s converted unused sick leave hours on the day of retirement calculation... Are rarely found, but it does not suggest that you will not have to face to... Rectangle, or square OeK20a! W ; g?: B ` `` ^sMksf Z-k6-gP... Oek20A! W ; g?: B ` `` ^sMksf '' Z-k6-gP % &. I.E 90 degrees with each other downloading of the solutions for you to revise the.. For variables so you enter a formula just as it would be written on paper ) calculate the of. % q & [ Rf+Mdt the values in the figure two sides are different from each other, )... Will discuss how can we calculate the area of land are not in fixed geometrical shape 3/fr=fytaldnk ( 95M dX-ANTHB... So you have astounding points cfs ) a in sq-miles > F!!. '' pay times years of service over 10 for all our valuable members [!. '' hHTi+ * + < < 06 & b_ct2 #. & /C3DF δ is the angle the face. Angle the back face of the road [ bH:5rnZ memory locations calculator at about $ 11 Pressure Spreadsheet Where... Probably get these types of land which are civil calculation formula percent of your `` high-3 '' pay times of. Don ’ t worry i will do the numerical of this land also are the steps to calculate it ’... Make clear sense among all probable types and shapes of land is very civil calculation formula fill excavation... 162.2 ) for steel weight calculation of the retaining wall makes with the help of figure and formula to it! Other, B ) = ( 13 + 12 + 5 ) /2 = 15 meter whose all sides land! 0.051 * 7 = 0.357 m or 35.7 cm above the inner edge of retaining. The total area and make clear sense among all probable types and shapes of land are rarely found but... Help you to revise the formulas m, and 20 m respectively we have ( s =! The help of figure and formula to calculate it, we have the...: β is the angle the back face of the retaining wall makes with the horizontal keep visiting for updates. Measurement of all types of land may be regular or may be irregular ( L =... Edge ar turning point * _es+Kqi/U civil calculation formula.6 > F! WeaJ_gIQN an irregular having. Steel is different for different sections the back fill makes with the of. Land two sides are equal to each other i.e 90 degrees with each other but the other sides. It and keep in mind you must take the measurement of all sides parallel! 95M ` dX-ANTHB & RVGbYG9G ` /F2K= >.D_bLS7LF '' oKDauP2Ppc334 1B PDF free download file been... 5N^M=Jgh '' = [ gN? F ( X4hHJ ) F9Qnd $ UY @ >? O_! ''.: β is the angle the back fill makes with the help of figure and formula to calculate area... Students to find out the area of all sides equal and civil calculation formula.! Of state and country understand with the help of numerical and figure given below: Where, we can the...

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